Country Overview

Jordan is located in the heart of the Middle East, Northwest of Saudi Arabia, South of Syria, and Southwest of Iraq. Jordan has access to the Red Sea via the port city of Aqaba, located at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba.

Official name: The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Amman is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country's economic, political and cultural center. Situated in north-central Jordan, Amman is the administrative center of the Amman Governorate. The city has a population of 4,007,526 and a land area of 1,680 square kilometers (648.7 square miles). Today, Amman is considered to be among the most liberal and westernized Arab cities. It is a major tourist destination in the region, particularly among Arab and European tourists.


Population: 5.48 million (2003), growth rate: 2.8%


Time Difference: GMT +2. 


Languages: Arabic (official), English


Climate: Jordan has a combination of Mediterranean and arid desert climates, with Mediterranean prevailing in the North and West of the country, while the majority of the country is desert. Generally, the country has warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters, with annual average temperatures ranging from 12 to 25 C (54 to 77 F) and summertime highs reaching the 40 C (105-115 F) in the desert regions. Rainfall averages vary from 50 mm (1.97 inches) annually in the desert to 800 mm (31.5 inches) in the northern hills, some of which falls as snow in some years.


Currency: Jordanian Dinar (JD)


Electricity: Jordan has 220 volt electricity


Points of interest:

  • Dead Sea
  • Petra
  • Wadi Rum
  • Jerash

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