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Country Overview

Lebanon is a state in Western Asia, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Palestinian Territories to the south and Syria to the east. Most of the Lebanese territories are mountainous, except for the coastline and the Bekaa Valley. Lebanon is crossed by two mountain chains from north to south, namely the Anti-Lebanon range in East Lebanon, which forms the eastern border with Syria, and the Lebanon chain in the west which overlooks the Mediterranean Sea. The most known elements are El Mokamel which contains the Qurinah As Sawda, the highest mountain peak in Western Asia, and the Bekaa Valley which separates between the two mountain chains. Lebanon is characterized by rivers that collect from the melting snow, the most famous being the Litani and the Orontes. Lebanon is famous for its cedar trees, the national emblem of the country, which covered large areas in ancient times. Its population is 4.3 million; surface area is 10.452sq Km (4,036 sq miles).

 

Beirut, capital and largest city of Lebanon, with a population of 2 million, is situated on a peninsula that projects slightly westward into the Mediterranean Sea, and contained by the Lebanon Mountains that rise to the east. Also known as the “Paris of the Middle East” because of its beauty, charm and culture, the city is one of the most important cultural influencers in the Middle East and the Arab World for its rich cultural activities such as a free press, theaters, publishing houses, art galleries, museums and a large number of international universities.

 

 

Climate: The temperature in Beirut in November is 24 ° C the highest and 17 ° C the lowest.

Language: The national language in Lebanon is Arabic, French and English are widely spoken.

  Time Zone: Winter time in Lebanon is +2hours UTC/GMT; time changes on October 29th from daylight saving time.

 Transport: There are several options for public transportation around Beirut, and Lebanon. These include trains, metro, buses, taxis and telefrique,  the bus service runs from approximately 5:30 am to 9 pm and connects Beirut to other major cities in Lebanon, Rafik Hariri International Airport in Beirut is relatively close to the city, and taxis are readily available there.

 Currency: Lebanon’s currency is the Lebanese pound (LBP), however you can easily use US dollars and other currencies. ATMs are reliable and available, and all hotels accept cash and credit card for payments.

Electricity: The standard voltage is between 220 and 240 volts AC and you can use the European two-round-pin and the euro plug.

 

Top attraction to visit in Beirut: 

  • Jeita Grotto and Byblos
  • National Museum of Beirut
  • Pigeon Rocks in Raouche
  • Mohammad Al-Amin Mosque
  • Temple of Baalbek
  • ABC shopping Mall
  • The corniche and Beirut Souks

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